Plantar Fasciitis is a term used to describe a painful condition in the foot caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia on the bottom of the heel bone (calcaneal tuberosity).
Plantar fasciitis can lead to severe pain and in case the sufferer doesn’t treat this problem, this condition may lead to a change of the pattern of movement. This area has a certain softness and flexibility and consists of specialized fat cells located in small sections in order to maintain the softness of the heel during standing, walking and running. There are many different ligaments that touch the bottom of the foot.
Plantar fasciitis includes microscopic breaking of one of the ligaments that touches the inner side of the back of the heel. This condition is very frequent and common in women who are obese. It is also linked to the shape of the foot as well as in repetitive strenuous activities that may lead to the destruction or inflammation of the back of the heel.
Patients suffering from plantar fasciitis feel the pain most intensively in the morning right after they wake up. When the foot is placed on a solid ground there is a sudden sensitivity on the rear surface of the heel. The pain continues and as the foot stretches during walking, the pain spreads. In other words, the longer they walk or stand the worse symptoms they can expect during the day.
Those looking for plantar fasciitis cure should first be certain that they are suffering from this condition. The diagnosis of plantar fasciitis is confirmed by examination of the specific area associated with pain located under the heel. In most cases we are talking about inflamed nerve or a nerve compressed under a bundle of ligaments.
The treatment of plantar fasciitis is related to the treatment of the heel cushion, stretching ligaments and support to the arch of the foot. Before we go into details, it is worth mentioning that sometimes certain changes in our lifestyle can be the best plantar fasciitis cure. For example, many people use special plantar fasciitis shoes that can ease the pain and eventually remove all the symptoms of this unpleasant solution. These specially designed plantar fasciitis shoes can be found in almost every footwear store and on the Internet.
The main treatment involves cushioning of the heels with silicone heel pad. Stretching exercises are performed for three times a day. The stretching of the foot before going to bed with specially designed splint or sling and setting the foot in an upright position will prevent the negative effects of loosen feet during the night. The natural position of the foot during sleep rests the ligaments which are subject to strong stress when you get up in the morning and start walking. Keeping the ligaments stretched seems to work for most people.
In case this method doesn’t work, patients are advised to use cortisone injections as an effective plantar fasciitis cure. These injections are injected into the back of the heel in order to reduce inflammation. Patients should not use more than one injection because they may experience side effects. If none of these treatments don’t provide results, patients can try shock wave therapy and surgical procedure.